|Publication No: 5653||Search all ORC publications|
Superfluid helium-4 in one dimensional channel
Duk Y.Kim, Samhita Banavar, Moses H.W.Chan
Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
John Hayes, Pier Sazio
Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, UK
Superfluidity, as superconductivity, cannot exist in a strict one-dimensional system. However, the experiments employing porous media showed that superfluid helium can flow through the pores of nanometer size. Here we report a study of the flow of liquid helium through a single hollow glass fiber of 4 cm in length with an open id of 150 nm between 1.6 and 2.3 K. We found the superfluid transition temperature was suppressed in the hollow cylinder and that there is no flow above the transition. Critical velocity at temperature below the transition temperature was determined. Our results bear some similarity to that found by Savard et. al.  studying the flow of helium through a nanohole in a silicon nitrite membrane.
 M.Savard, G.Dauphinais, and G.Gervais, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 254501 (2011)
Experimental study at Penn State is supported by NSF Grants No.DMR 1103159.
The American Physical Society (APS) March Meeting 2013 Baltimore 18-22 Mar (2013)
Southampton ePrint id: 376004
Copyright University of Southampton 2006