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Four-wave mixing UV generation in optical microfibers

Muhammad I.M.Abdul Khudusa,b, Francesco De Luciaa, Costantino Corbaria,c, Timothy Leea, Peter Horaka, Pier Sazioa and Gilberto Brambillaa

a. Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, UK
b. Photonics Research Centre, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
c. Renishaw plc, New Mills, Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire, GL12 8JR UK


UV generation via four-wave-mixing (FWM) in optical microfibres (OMFs) was demonstrated. This was achieved by exploiting the tailorable dispersion of the OMF in order to phase match the propagation constant of the four frequencies involved in the FWM process. In order to satisfy the frequency requirement for FWM, a Master Oscillator Power Amplifier (MOPA) working at the telecom C-band was connected to a periodically poled silica fibre (PPSF), producing a fundamental frequency (FF) at 1550.3 nm and a second harmonic (SH) frequency at 775.2 nm. A by-product of this second harmonic generation is the generation of a signal at the third harmonic (TH) frequency of 516.7 nm via degenerate FWM. This then allows the generation of the fourth harmonic (FH) at 387.6 nm and the fifth harmonic (5H) at 310nm via degenerate and nondegenerate FWM in the OMF.The output of the PPSF was connected to a pure silica core fibre which was being tapered using the modified flame brushing technique from an initial diameter of 125 μm to 0.5 μm. While no signal at any UV wavelength was initially observed, as the OMF diameter reached the correct phase matching diameters, signals at 387.6 nm appeared. Signals at 310 nm also appeared although it is not phase matched, as the small difference in the propagation constant is bridged by other nonlinear processes such as self-phase and cross phase modulation.

Photonics Europe 2016 Brussels 4-7 Apr (2016)

doi: 10.1117/12.2227585

Southampton ePrint id: 397138




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