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Generalised ultrafast dispersion scans of continuum generation induced by sub-50fs chirped pulses in highly nonlinear tapered planar waveguides

Matthew Praeger, William S.Brocklesby, Ana M.De Paula, Jeremy Frey, and Jeremy J.Baumberg
School of Physics, University of Southampton, UK

Caterina M.Netti, Majd E.Zoorob, Nicolas M.B.Perney , Martin D.B.Charlton, Stephen W.Roberts, James S.Wilkinson, Gregory J.Parker, and John R.Lincoln
Mesophotonics Ltd, 2 Venture Road, Chilworth Science Park, Southampton, SO16 7NP, UK

Abstract

Ultra-high bandwidth continua generated by ultrashort fs pulses have been attracting enormous interest for applications such as general spectroscopy, Optical Coherence Tomography and metrology. Dispersion engineering is one of the key aspects of optimised continuum generation in optical waveguides. However in addition, the dispersion of the pump pulse can be continuously adapted to control bandwidth and spectral characteristics of the generated continua. In this work we report on a systematic investigation of how 2nd,and 3rd order dispersion affects the continuum generated in strongly non linear planar waveguides. A -30 fs Ti:Sapphire tuned to 800 nm was used as a pump source delivering ~3 nJ pulses. The chirp of the pulses was controlled completely-arbitrarily by an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter (Dazzler). The power launched into the structures was kept constant to compare the generated continua as the pulse dispersion is varied. High refractive index tantalum pentoxide waveguides grown by standard silicon processing techniques were used. The devices investigated were specially designed tapered ridges with ~5mm2 input modal volume and zero group velocity dispersion at ~1-3.7 mm. Self-phase modulation, which is responsible for the spectral broadening of the continua, is tracked by finely tuning the both 2nd and 3rd order dispersions. The nonlinear propagation is dramatically influenced by the simultaneous presence of these dispersive effects resulting in a change of bandwidth and spectral shape. Pulse widths of up to D1 > 100 nm for launched powers as low as 300 pJ. Spectral peak intensity can also be systematically modulated by simply scanning the 2nd and 3rd order dispersion around their relative zeros. Specific combinations of high order dispersion contribution are currently targeted as a route to control and optimise the continua bandwidths and to control dispersion lengths in specifically engineered waveguides.


Photonics West San Jose 22-27 Jan (2005)

Southampton ePrint id: 57553

 

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Copyright University of Southampton 2006