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Optical coupling between a self-assembled microsphere grating and a rib waveguide

Chao-Yi Tai, Bayram Unal, James S.Wilkinson
Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, UK

Mohamed A. Ghanem and Philip N. Bartlett
School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, UK

Abstract

We report the fabrication of a linear array of self-assembled polystyrene microspheres side-coupled to a rib waveguide. The optical coupling between the lateral evanescent field and the periodically perturbed effective refractive index alongside the waveguide results in a transmission stopband at the Bragg wavelength. The observed transmission spectrum shows a notch centered at λ = 1590nm, which is in close agreement with theory. The coupling coefficient, κ, and the spectral response are derived for variable cladding medium index using perturbation theory. Structures of this type are expected to find application in wavelength selection, optical sensing, and optical delays.


Applied Physics Letters (2004) Vol.84(18) pp.3513-3515

doi: 10.1063/1.1739275

Southampton ePrint id: 30225

 

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Copyright University of Southampton 2006